Function simplify #

Simplify an expression tree.

A list of rules are applied to an expression, repeating over the list until no further changes are made. It’s possible to pass a custom set of rules to the function as second argument. A rule can be specified as an object, string, or function:

var rules = [
  { l: 'n1*n3 + n2*n3', r: '(n1+n2)*n3' },
  'n1*n3 + n2*n3 -> (n1+n2)*n3',
  function (node) {
    // ... return a new node or return the node unchanged
    return node

String and object rules consist of a left and right pattern. The left is used to match against the expression and the right determines what matches are replaced with. The main difference between a pattern and a normal expression is that variables starting with the following characters are interpreted as wildcards:

The default list of rules is exposed on the function as simplify.rules and can be used as a basis to built a set of custom rules.

For more details on the theory, see:

Syntax #

simplify(expr, rules)
simplify(expr, rules, scope)
simplify(expr, scope)

Parameters #

Parameter Type Description
expr Node | string The expression to be simplified
rules Array<{l:string, r: string} | string | function> Optional list with custom rules

Returns #

Type Description
Node Returns the simplified form of expr

Examples #

math.simplify('2 * 1 * x ^ (2 - 1)');      // Node {2 * x}
math.simplify('2 * 3 * x', {x: 4});        // Node {24}
var f = math.parse('2 * 1 * x ^ (2 - 1)');
math.simplify(f);                          // Node {2 * x}

See also #

derivative, parse, eval

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