Custom bundling #

Math.js is a large library containing many data types and functions. It is well possible that you only need a small portion of the library. Math.js allows for picking just the functions and data types you need. This gives faster load times and smaller browser bundles. Math.js uses ES modules, and creating small bundles using tree-shaking works out of the box when using Webpack for example.

This page describes:

Using just a few functions #

Using the function create, a mathjs instance can be created. The all object contains all functionality available in mathjs, and a mathjs instance containing everything can be created like:

import { create, all } from 'mathjs'

const math = create(all)

To create an instance with just a few functions, you have to pass the factory functions of the functions you need, and all their dependencies. For example the function add depends on the functions addScalar, equalScalar, classes DenseMatrix and SparseMatrix, and more. Because it is hard to figure out what the dependencies of a function are, and the dependencies of the dependencies, mathjs provides ready made collections of all dependencies for every function. For example all factory functions of function add and its dependencies are available as addDependencies.

Here is a full example of loading just a few functions in a mathjs instance:

// file: custom_loading.js

import {
  create,
  fractionDependencies,
  addDependencies,
  divideDependencies,
  formatDependencies
} from 'mathjs'

const config = {
  // optionally, you can specify configuration
}

// Create just the functions we need
const { fraction, add, divide, format } = create({
  fractionDependencies,
  addDependencies,
  divideDependencies,
  formatDependencies
}, config)

// Use the created functions
const a = fraction(1, 3)
const b = fraction(3, 7)
const c = add(a, b)
const d = divide(a, b)
console.log('c =', format(c)) // outputs "c = 16/21"
console.log('d =', format(d)) // outputs "d = 7/9"

This example can be bundled using for example Webpack:

npx webpack custom_loading.js -o custom_loading.bundle.js --mode=production

Only the used parts of mathjs will be bundled thanks to tree-shaking.

Numbers only #

The functions of mathjs support multiple data types out of the box, like numbers, bignumbers, complex numbers, units, and matrices. Quite commonly however, only support for numbers is needed and the other data-types are overkill.

To accomodate for this use case of only numbers only, mathjs offers light-weight, number only implementations of all relevant functions. These are available by importing from 'mathjs/number' instead of 'mathjs':

// use light-weight, numbers only implementations of functions
import { create, all } from 'mathjs/number'

const math = create(all)
console.log(add(2, 3)) // 5

Bundle size #

When using just a few functions of mathjs instead of the whole library, you may expect the size of the bundle to be just a small fraction of the complete library. However, to create the function add supporting all data types, all these data types must be included: Unit, BigNumber, Complex, DenseMatrix, SparseMatrix, etc. A rough idea of the size of different parts of mathjs:

To get a better insight in what is in your JavaScript bundle, you can use a tool like source-map-explorer.

Fork me on GitHub