Function map #

Create a new matrix or array with the results of a callback function executed on each entry of a given matrix/array.

For each entry of the input, the callback is invoked with three arguments: the value of the entry, the index at which that entry occurs, and the full matrix/array being traversed. Note that because the matrix/array might be multidimensional, the “index” argument is always an array of numbers giving the index in each dimension. This is true even for vectors: the “index” argument is an array of length 1, rather than simply a number.

Syntax #, callback)

Parameters #

Parameter Type Description
x Matrix | Array The input to iterate on.
callback Function The function to call (as described above) on each entry of the input

Returns #

Type Description
Matrix | array Transformed map of x; always has the same type and shape as x

Throws #

Type | Description —- | ———–

Examples #[1, 2, 3], function(value) {
  return value * value
})  // returns [1, 4, 9]

// The calling convention for the callback can cause subtleties:[1, 2, 3], math.format)
// throws TypeError: map attempted to call 'format(1,[0])' but argument 2 of type Array does not match expected type number or function or Object or string or boolean
// [This happens because `format` _can_ take a second argument,
// but its semantics don't match that of the 2nd argument `map` provides]

// To avoid this error, use a function that takes exactly the
// desired arguments:[1, 2, 3], x => math.format(x)) // returns ['1', '2', '3']

See also #

filter, forEach, sort

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