Serialization #

Math.js has a number of data types like Matrix, Complex, and Unit. These types are instantiated JavaScript objects. To be able to store these data types or send them between processes, they must be serialized. The data types of math.js can be serialized to JSON. Use cases:

Math.js types can be serialized using JavaScript’s built-in JSON.stringify function:

var x   = math.complex('2 + 3i');
var str = JSON.stringify(x);
// outputs a string '{"mathjs":"Complex","re":2,"im":3}'

In order to deserialize a string, containing math.js data types, JSON.parse can be used. In order to recognize the data types of math.js, JSON.parse must be called with the reviver function of math.js:

var json = '{"mathjs":"Unit","value":5,"unit":"cm","fixPrefix":false}';
var x    = JSON.parse(json, math.json.reviver);   // Unit 5 cm

Note that if math.js is used in conjunction with other data types, it is possible to use multiple reviver functions at the same time by cascading them:

var reviver = function (key, value) {
  return reviver1(key, reviver2(key, value));
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